Welcome to the Test Prep Podcast, brought to you by CrunchPrep. 

Hi there, My name is Michael. 

And my name is Susan.

And today, we are going to talk about something very important. 

Yes, we’re going to talk about the various components of a reading comprehension passage, and what roles they play in a given passage.

Right. So the reading comprehension passages on the GRE are organized in many different ways. Like some passages introduce a particular problem and then explain the solution for that problem. 

While some passages ask a question and answer it later in the passage. Some passages criticize an old hypothesis and introduce a new one. 

Now, as you can see, there’s clearly a pattern here, right? 
Well, most of the passages that show up on your test will be made up of certain… building blocks. 
By looking for these blocks in a passage, you can easily follow the meaning and structure of the passage.

Most passages have four such building blocks, which can be categorized as:

The main point is the most important piece of information that is conveyed in the passage. Your job is to identify this point. So when you’re done reading the passage, you should ideally be able to identify the main point that is being conveyed.

That’s right. Next, you have The background, which is the additional information that you need, in order to understand the main point. Sometimes, the statements in the passage may be twisted a little bit, and that makes it difficult to understand whether a given statement is background information or a supporting evidence
So, you should be careful to know the difference whenever you see additional information.

The Supporting Information is also additional information, but the difference is, that it is given in the form of evidence or examples.
So while background explains the main point further, the supporting information goes even further. It gives you examples or evidences in order to support the main point of the passage. 
You should always keep an eye out for the various evidences and supporting examples that the passage provides you.

Right, and the final block is called Implications. These are the after effects of the main point. Implications are the end results or the consequences of the main point. 
Implications are quite easy to understand when compared to the other three building blocks of a Reading Comprehension passage, because you can easily see what the end result is.

Yes. The main purpose behind identifying the components of a reading comprehension passage, is to understand the basic structure and organization of the passage. 
This is really important, since the GRE asks you questions based on structure, organization, tone, and main idea behind the passage. 
So, understanding these basic components will help you answer such questions quickly.

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